Monday, February 20, 2017

Why the South Fought

 lee jackson

The Thirteen Colonies in their War of Independence had fought for freedom. But the French Revolution (a true revolution of an under­class) proclaimed not only liberty but equality: and that idea was loosened on the world. But liberty (freedom) and equality are natural allies only up to a point, and then enemies. They were opposed to a degree imperfectly understood by either side in the War for Southern Independence. Which principle was henceforth to limit the other? That question was at issue.

The North, fighting for a compelled union, won; but what also won was ever broadening equality, limiting freedom. More immedi­ately what won was—America. Henceforth Virginians and Carolini­ans were to be Americans and even, with a grim irony, Yankees. The “United States” ceased to be a plural term: a nation supplanted the united nations. Even the word “Union” disappeared, for the ghost of the old, dead, voluntary union of states clung about it and made it un-American. The Negro also won the war, almost incidentally, for the North did not fight for him but against his master: it was not a crusade, except for a few; and emancipation, limited to the Confeder­acy, was an act of war, not humanity. But the great, hidden victory was that of equality: the very words “freedom” and “equality” be­came confused and virtually synonymous. Now, said Karl Marx in 1866, the United States are “entering the revolutionary phase.”


  1. We fought, because we were invaded.

    What sort of barbarians invade their neighbors then blame them for being invaded?!

    1. Yankees, barbarians of the worst sort. Just stumbled across this.