Stability operations have become a prominent feature of the international landscape. Recent examples include U.S. and UN oper-ations in Kosovo, Bosnia, Haiti, Afghani-stan, and Iraq. Such operations involve military forces that often engage insurgent forces until indigenous forces can take over that role. But military forces are ill suited for some critical tasks in stability operations that might be described as high-end police tasks. High-end tasks fall into the gap between normal police and military forces and include such activities as riot control, criminal investigations, and SWAT activities. The police who engage in these activities do so with the intent of rooting out criminals or insur-gents who have a vested interest in perpetuating chaos.
Unlike some countries that have such police forces—notably Italy with its Carabinieri or France with its Gendarmerie—the United States does not have stability police. Given the likelihood of such operations in the future, the question arises whether the United States should develop such forces. A team of researchers from RAND Arroyo Center studied this issue, and they report their results in A Stability Police Force for the United States: Justifi cation and Options for Creating U.S. Capabilities.
The analysis focused on answering three questions:
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