Confederate Gen. Samuel G. French, a New Jersey native, related after the war that in addition to invading the South, the North “had to suppress rebellions caused by people who entertained Southern opinions in New York, Chicago, Cincinnati, and other cities; muzzle the press, prohibit freedom of speech, banish prominent individuals, arrest men without warrant, and imprison them without charges made known to them; and violated nearly every resolution and pledge made in the beginning relating to the South; they cast aside constitutional law, and substituted martial law, under which the South became a scene of desolation and starvation.”
Bernhard Thuersam, Chairman
North Carolina War Between the States Sesquicentennial Commission
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A Petty Trick of Surrender
“When the Yankees first went to my plantation, in five minutes a company of about thirty men marched into the garden, formed line, fixed bayonets, and, marching abreast, probed the ground until they struck a box that was buried there containing silver tableware . . . in this case I am sure “old Aaron,” a house servant who buried it for mother, betrayed her confidence in him and told the Yankees where it was. These are small matters, but I mention them to show how the [Northern] men, by the connivance of officers, if not by participation, became an army of thieves generally.
In a day or two authenticated information was received that both Lee’s and Johnston’s armies had been surrendered on terms of agreement, and as I was included in the latter army, I went to Columbus and obtained my parole. The terms of the surrender were that we were not to be molested by the United States authorities so long as we obeyed the laws which were in force previous to January, 1861, where we resided.
On my part, I was sworn “not to bear arms against the United States of America, or give any information, or do any military duty or act in hostility to the United States, or inimical to a permanent peace,” etc., and thus the war with the musket ended.
On reading my parole I discovered what seemed to me a petty trick, for it read “not to be disturbed by the United States military authorities,” leaving me at the mercy of the civil authorities to be indicted.”
(Two Wars, Autobiography of Gen. Samuel G. French, Confederate Veteran, 1901, pg. 309)